Banks depend on their financial reporting and performance metrics — but often this data is scattered among multiple systems and spreadsheets at typical community and regional banks, and it is very rarely viewed in conjunction with risk data. As a result, bank executives do not have the visibility they need, while strategic opportunities slip by.
Bank’s risk data is often uncoordinated and confusing, stemming from disjointed risk management processes and poor communication flow. Employees may not have a view of their risk profile or have an established appetite for risk. They view risk as something to react to —not a strategic discipline operating across the entire enterprise.
Banks can no longer simply rely on financial metrics alone, any more than they should view risk as simply a credit issue. Financial data being viewed through a risk lens is necessary if any bank is to have the most accurate profile to make the most effective strategic and forward-looking operational decisions possible.
The largest banks have comprehensive tools, reporting systems and dashboards. Their approach allows several key leaders to pilot the enterprise in a coordinated effort. For the small- to -mid-sized bank seeking to be agile and innovative, the technology to make this possible has been either too expensive or difficult to implement.
This unification of finance and risk on a platform is now possible for banks of all sizes. Banks now can project a heads-up display of financial data onto a crystal clear windshield of risk visibility. Here’s what it’s going to take to see what you bank needs to see:
1. Strategic and Financial Management
Generate detailed, driver-based rolling forecasts to project financial performance over the short and long term. Streamline the budgeting and reporting process to incorporate branch, board and external reporting, complete with allocations and consolidating entries, to bring forecasting and strategic planning together.
2. Risk Appetite Definition
Specifically, the risk appetite framework objectives define and manage the levels and types of risk the board and management are willing to take in order to achieve the bank’s strategic objectives. Executives will want to represent the aggregate view of risk across all risk categories and lines of business and create a dynamic structure that allows for internal and external changes in risk profiles. Because every organization’s risk appetite is different, they should be sure to incorporate the bank’s core values, mission and objectives.
3. Top Risk and Key Risk Indicators
This is where risk appetite merges with financial analytics. Key risk indicators (KRIs) measure and indicate changes in the impact or likelihood of a risk against a risk tolerance range or threshold. Develop an enhanced key risk indicator inventory (KRI) aligned to the risk process structure of the corporation. KRIs not only define your bank’s risk capacity, they also provide early indication of changes to your risk profile. They measure performance targets and goals, and provide visibility to the key risk profiles of the corporation.
4. Expected Loss Credit Risk Measurement
Making loans is at the heart of what banks do. Visibility here is key. Banks need to accurately assess credit risk with scorecards that rate both the borrower and collateral, and quantify expected loss for risk rating, pricing and portfolio risk management. This lets executives see the potential impact on charge-offs and the provision for loan losses while identifying higher risk profile segments of the loan portfolio. Good credit portfolio analytics allow the bank to see the trends before they’re impacted by them, so the bank can act instead of react.
5. Stress Testing
This entails a consolidated risk tool set that includes credit and non-credit stress testing, based on prospective economic scenarios. Banks can simulate prospective economic scenarios and see the potential impact on capital and financial performance, while gaining visibility to the organization’s risk profile. They can also obtain visibility to the potential impact on charge-offs rates and the provision for loan losses, while identifying higher risk profile segments of the loan portfolio. If the bank grows too quickly, will it run out of liquidity and capital? What if earnings aren’t what’s expected? What if the economy slows and interest rates increase? What ultimately happens to credit risk exposure?
6. Monitoring and Visibility
Compare the bank’s risk appetite to its risk profiles across the enterprise, both real time and periodically, with your organization’s strategic plan and movements. This includes loan and deposits performance reporting, analytics and branch reporting. Capture instrument-level loan and deposit data to analyze profitability and activity by customer, product, loan officer and more. This will reveal the bank’s growth potential.
7. Real-Time Prospective Reporting
Where it all comes together: The ability to monitor and manage the business day-to-day using a highly graphical and intuitive interface for operating, performance and risk metrics. This is about making risk-adjusted decisions to optimize your organization’s strategic plan.
Embracing automation that unifies real-time financial optimization and risk quantification allows banks of all sizes to see much further, because the risk outlook and forecasting are driven by a shared and goal-oriented risk language and key risk indicators. Banks can finally look through a windshield that is crystal clear because their finance and risk metrics are comprehensive and true.
This all adds up to freedom, freedom to spend less time guessing, gathering and reacting, and more time executing strategy, optimizing risk and achieving goals.